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ⓘ Joyce J. Scott ni msanii, mchongaji wa sanamu, mfumaji, msanii wa utendaji, mtengenezaji wa magazeti, mhadhiri na mwalimu mwenye asili ya Kiafrika-Mmarekani. Al ..



Joyce J. Scott
                                     

ⓘ Joyce J. Scott

Joyce J. Scott ni msanii, mchongaji wa sanamu, mfumaji, msanii wa utendaji, mtengenezaji wa magazeti, mhadhiri na mwalimu mwenye asili ya Kiafrika-Mmarekani.

Alipewa majina kama McArthur Fellow mnamo 2016, na Smithsonian Visionary Artist mnamo 2019, Scott anajulikana zaidi kwa sanamu zake za mfano na vito vya mapambo, mbinu za kusuka na kufuma, sawa na peyote kushona. Kila kipande hujengwa kwa kutumia maelfu ya shanga za mbegu za glasi au shanga za GPPony, na wakati mwingine vitu vingine vilivyopatikana au vifaa kama glasi, na ngozi. Mnamo mwaka wa 2018, alipongezwa kwa kufanya kazi katika chombo kipya kwa mchanganyiko wa mchanga, udongo, majani, na saruji kwenye sanamu iliyokuwa inaelekea kusambaratika. Scott anavutiwa na tamaduni anuwai, pamoja na mila ya Marekani, asili za Kiafrika, shanga za Mexiko, Ucheki, na Urusi, vielelezo na vitabu vya kuchekesha, na utamaduni wa pop.

Scott anasifika kwa ufafanuzi wake wa kijamii juu ya maswala kama vile ubaguzi wa rangi, ujamaa, ujinsia, vurugu, maoni potofu, na mada za uponyaji wa kiroho. Kazi yake ni juu ya jinsi Scott anajiona katika ulimwengu unaobadilika haraka: "Kazi hizi zinahusu ukuaji wa kibinafsi, kiroho na jinsi ya kutokwama katika njia rahisi za maisha juu ya sanaa, mimi siogopi katika maisha ya kila siku."

                                     

1. Wasifu

Joyce Jane Scott alizaliwa huko Baltimore mnamo 1948, akiwa binti wa mfumaji mashuhuri Elizabeth Talford Scott na Charlie Scott Jr. Amejielezea kama "mtoto wa kweli wa Baltimore na msichana wa Sandtown" na ameishi katika nyumba ya jirani katika kitongoji cha Sandtown kwa zaidi ya miongo minne. Mama yake alimtia moyo na kumuhimiza juu ya ubunifu wake na Scott akaanza kuchora katika Shule ya Maonyesho ya Coppin, taasisi ya elimu ya umma, na baadaye akasoma Shule ya Kati ya Lemmel na Shule ya Upili ya Mashariki huko Baltimore. Alihitimu na Shahada ya Sanaa kutoka Chuo cha Sanaa cha Maryland mnamo 1970 kisha akapata Shahada ya Uzamili ya Sanaa kutoka Instituto Allende huko Mexiko. Baadaye, Scott aliendelea na masomo zaidi katika Taasisi ya Teknolojia ya Rochester huko New York na Shule ya Ufundi ya Haystack Mountain huko Maine.

Mama yake mwenyewe alikuwa msanii ambaye alifundisha mbinu za kufuma na kumuhimiza Scott asomee masomo ya sanaa. Moja ya juhudi zake za kwanza za kisanii ilikuwa kushona nguo za wanasesere. Scott pia amevutiwa na mila ya ufundi katika familia yake pana ya "wafumaji, mafundi mbao, wafuma vikapu, maselemala, wapandaji na wahunzi," ambapo watu walikuza ujuzi katika ufundi zaidi ya mmoja ili waweze kuishi. Upendo wake wa muziki na hisia za kina za kiroho ziliimarishwa katika malezi yake katika imani ya Pentekoste na mila yake tajiri katika muziki wa injili.

Ushawishi wa Kiafrika wa Scott unadhihirishwa katika matumizi yake ya mapambo ya hali ya juu na ya kufafanua. Kwa kutumia mbinu zinazofanana na taji na mavazi ya Kiyoruba ya Afrika Magharibi, yeye hutengeneza shanga kuwa muundo wa sanamu. Kulingana na msomi Leslie King-Hammond, sanaa na mila za Kiafrika zilifanya kazi kubadilisha vitu vya kila siku kuwa mapambo mazuri.

Mazoezi ya Scott ni pamoja na utendaji pamoja na sanamu. Tabia yake ya kukosoa bila kupenda na ya kuchekesha mara nyingi huajiriwa katika maonyesho yake kukosoa maswala kama vile jinsia, na ubaguzi wa rangi. Kama mapambo yake na ufumaji, utendaji wake pia hushughulikia hadithi za hadithi na kumbukumbu.

Kazi za Scott zinashikiliwa na Jumba la kumbukumbu la Sanaa la Baltimore, Taasisi ya Sanaa ya Detroit, Jumba la Sanaa la Mildred Lane Kemper huko St.Louis, Missouri, Jumba la Sanaa la Mint huko Charlotte, North Carolina, Jumba la kumbukumbu la Sanaa la Spencer katika Chuo Kikuu cha Kansas, Jumba la kumbukumbu la Sanaa la Smithsonian la Marekani, na Jumba la kumbukumbu la Sanaa, Houston, Texas.

                                     

2.1. Maonyesho yaliyoangaziwa I-con-nobody/I-con-o-graphy

Iliyofanyika kwenye Jumba la sanaa la Corcoran mnamo 1991, hii ilikuwa maonyesho ya kwanza ya Scott akishiriki kama binafsi. "mandhari hiyo ilimaanisha kusemwa kwa ukweli, aina za moja kwa moja na za mfano. Ikoniografia, alama zinazoelezea picha, na, kwa pamoja, jamii, zilitumiwa na Scott kufunua motisha zilizofichwa nyuma ya mwingiliano wa wanadamu." Kwenye maonyesho kuliwa na Kazi 29 za uchongaji zenye shanga na kolagi kadhaa kubwa za ukuta wa nyuzi na kitambaa. pia Jumuishwa zenye chaguzi sehemu iliyoongozwa na hadithi za mama yake na kufanya kazi kama yaya kutoka kwa safu ya Scott Mammy / Nanny 1986-1991 ambayo alitumia shanga za glasi na ngozi kuunda ubaguzi wa rangi na thamani.

                                     

2.2. Maonyesho yaliyoangaziwa Believe Ive Been Sanctified

Hii ilikuwa kazi ya kwanza ya sanaa ya Scott. Mnamo 1991, alichaguliwa pamoja na wasanii wengine kumi na tisa kushiriki katika mradi mpya wa jiji lote ulioandaliwa na Tamasha la Spoleto USA huko Charleston. Maonyesho hayo yaliitwa "Maeneo yenye Zamani: Sanaa Mpya Maalum ya Tovuti huko Charleston" na kila msanii alialikwa kuchagua tovuti ya nje na kuunda kipande ambacho kilitoa maoni yao ya historia ya jamii ya jiji. Scott alichagua nguzo nne za Korintho ambazo zilikuwa mabaki ya mwisho ya Jumba la kumbukumbu la zamani la Charleston. Aliambiwa na watu katika jamii ya kihistoria ya Kiafrika ya Amerika kwamba "hawakuwa wakitutaka huko hata hivyo" na alipewa moyo. Kutumia vitu vilivyopatikana na kupiga shanga, Scott aligeuza nguzo kuwa mierezi ya kulia kuwakilisha machozi. Chini yao aliunda kitanda cha mazishi kutoka kwa magogo 500 na mtu aliyekufa, au Phoenix, kuwakilisha "mwisho wa utumwa au mwanzo wa enzi mpya, Ujenzi upya."



                                     

2.3. Maonyesho yaliyoangaziwa Images Concealed

Mnamo 1995 Scott aliitikia Chuo Kikuu cha Yale kwa Jumba la kumbukumbu ya Sanaa ya Afrika Uso wa Mungu: Sanaa na Madhabahu ya Afrika na Waamerekani wa Afrika na ufungaji uliopewa jina la Concealed at the San Francisco Art Institute. Mhifadhi Jean-Edith Weiffenbach alibainisha kuwa Scott, "alipingwa na maonyesho hayo ya maonyesho ya athari za mila za Kiafrika kwa sanaa za Magharibi, mifumo ya imani, na mila ya kijamii ilitengeneza jibu linalotumia mseto wa kisasa wa misamiati ya ufundi kutoka tamaduni kadhaa. katika lugha ya kifumbo ambayo inakabiliana na maoni potofu na pia masuala ya uwakilishi na mtazamo.

                                     

2.4. Maonyesho yaliyoangaziwa Kickin it With the Old Masters

Kickin It with the Old Masters ilikuwa maonyesho ya sanaa yaliyofanyika katika Jumba la kumbukumbu la Sanaa la Baltimore BMA mnamo Januari – Mei 2000 kwa kushirikiana na Chuo cha Sanaa cha Maryland MICA. "Katika mlango wa nafasi ya maonyesho alikuwa ameketi Rodins Thinker, sanamu ya sanaa ya Magharibi; juu ya kichwa cha sanamu Scott alisimamisha sura yenye shanga iliyoninginizwa shingoni na minyororo na kufunikwa na sehemu za rangi." Ujumbe haukutaka kuchochea rangi mashtaka lakini kuanzisha mwingiliano na urembo na ujenzi wa kijamii.

                                     

2.5. Maonyesho yaliyoangaziwa Harriet Tubman and Other Truths

Maonyesho yake makubwa zaidi hadi leo yalifunguliwa Oktoba 20, 2017, na yalikuwa yanaonekana hadi Aprili 1, 2018 katika Viwanja vya Uchongaji. Maonyesho ya heshima kwa Harriet Tubman, mkoloni ambaye aliwaongoza watu wengi kuwa watumwa wa uhuru, ilikuwa kabla ya kupangwa na mlezi wa wageni Lowery Stokes Sims kwa maonyesho hayo, ambayo yalionekana kama kichocheo cha kubadilisha nafasi ya umma iliyoundwa na J. Seward Johnson, sanamu ya sanamu na uhisani. Maonyesho haya yalikuwa yanasimamiwa na Lowery Stokes Sims na Patterson Sims.

                                     

3.1. Uwekaji wa sanaa kwa umma Dimbwi la Ukumbusho

Scott alipokea tume mnamo 1996 kuunda mradi wa sanaa ya umma kuadhimisha dimbwi la 2 katika Bustimores Druid Hill Park. Ilijengwa mnamo 1921, ilitumikia kwa mahitaji ya kuogelea ya burudani na ushindani wa zaidi ya Wamarekani 100.000 wa Kiafrika huko Baltimore. Wakati Bodi ya Hifadhi ya Jiji la Baltimore ilikataa kutenga mabwawa yake licha ya kutangazwa sana katika mto uliokuwa karibu mnamo 1953, NAACP iliwasilisha kesi na mwishowe ilishinda kwa rufaa. Mnamo Juni 1956 mabwawa ya Baltimore yalifunguliwa kama vifaa vya kutengwa kwa mara ya kwanza. Bwawa namba 2 lilifunga mwaka uliofuata, likibaki kutelekezwa hadi 1999 wakati ufungaji wa Scott ulibadilisha.

Katika kubuni mnara huu wa kazi, Scott alikusudia kuunda "hali ya sanaa ambapo watu wanaweza kwenda angani na tumaini kuwa, na kuwa na matumizi anuwai." Eneo la bwawa lenyewe lilijazwa na mchanga na kupandwa na nyasi. Kulikuwa na mipango ya kujumuisha programu katika eneo lenye nyasi, kwamba watu wangetaka kukaa, kutembea au kupumzika tu karibu na nafasi. Kwa kuongezea vifaa vya usanifu na muundo wa majini, usanikishaji wa asili ulijumuisha michoro ya rangi, ya rangi kwenye lami karibu na dimbwi ambalo limepotea kutoka kwenye uso wa saruji na kutoweka kwa sababu ya wakati na hali ya hewa.



                                     

4. Maonyesho

Maonyesho ya Scott ni pamoja na:

  • 2010 The Wine Dark Sea, The Mitchell Gallery at St. Johns College, Annapolis, MD Catalogue
  • 2007 Kickin’ It with Joyce J. Scott, Polk Art Museum, Lakeland, FL. Curator George Ciscle/ Exhibits USA
  • 2000 Life After Fifty, Noel Gallery, Charlotte, NC
  • 2014 Maryland to Murano: Neckpieces and Sculptures by Joyce J. Scott, Museum of Arts and Design, New York, NY catalogue. Curator: Lowery Stokes Sims
  • 2004 Joyce J. Scott, Snyderman Gallery, Philadelphia, PA
  • 1992 Dimensional Objects and Jewelry, Politics of the Body, Esther Saks Fine Art, Ltd, Chicago, Illinois
  • 2010-2011 Li’l Lies and Purty Thangs, Goya Contemporary, Baltimore, MD Catalogue. Curator: Amy Eva Raehse
  • 2010 Love Letters, Mobilia, Cambridge MA
  • 2003 What a Long, Strange, Bumpy Trip it’s Been!, Sculpture & Monoprints by Joyce J. Scott, Center of Contemporary Arts COCA, St. Louis, MO
  • 2008 Joyce J. Scott in Tampa, Scarfone/Hartley Gallery, Tampa University, Tampa, FL
  • 2016 Joyce J. Scott, Fuller Craft Museum, Brockton, MA. Curator: Bruce Hoffman
  • 2001 Joyce J. Scott, WTC Series, Goya Contemporary, Baltimore, MD
  • 2004 Still Alive in 2004, Ward Center for the Arts, St. Paul Schools, Brooklandville, MD
  • 1996 Joyce Scott, Mixed Bag, Leedy Voulkos Gallery, Kansas City, MO
  • 2001 Joyce J. Scott, In Search of Self-Unfathomable, Susan Cummins Gallery, Mill Valley, CA
  • 1999 Joyce J. Scott, The Radiance of What Is, Contemporary Art Center of Virginia, Virginia Beach, VA
  • 2000 Joyce J. Scott, Kickin it With The Old Masters, Baltimore Museum of Art Baltimore, MD catalogue. Curator: George Ciscle and the students at the Maryland Institute College of Art MICA
  • 2016 Generations: Joyce J. Scott | Sonya Clark, Goya Contemporary Gallery, Baltimore, MD. Curator: Amy Eva Raehse
  • 2004 Kickin It with Joyce J. Scott, California African American Museum, Los Angeles, CA. Curator George Ciscle/ Exhibits USA
  • 2003 Joyce J. Scott, Untethered, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA
  • 1998 Things That Go Bump in the Night II, Gallery 181, Iowa State University, Ames, IA
  • 1999 Joyce J. Scott: New Lithographs and Monoprints, Goya Contemporary, Baltimore, MD
  • 2018 Joyce J. Scott: Harriet Tubman and Other Truths, Grounds for Sculpture, Hamilton, N.J. Curators: Lowery Stokes Sims and Patterson Sims
  • 1999 Incognegroism, Richard Anderson Gallery, New York, NY
  • 2015 Joyce J. Scott: Truths & Visions, Sarah Moody Gallery, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa ALcatalog. Curator: Patterson Sims
  • 1999 Joyce J. Scott, A Muse, American Craft Museum, New York, NY
  • 2000 Joyce J. Scott, Sybaris Gallery, Royal Oak, MI
  • 2007 Joyce J. Scott: Breathe, Goya Contemporary, Baltimore, MD Catalogue Curator: Amy Eva Raehse
  • 1995 Joyce J. Scott, The Hand and the Spirit, Scottsdale, AZ
  • 2005 Joyce J. Scott, Dirtwork, C. Grimaldis Gallery, Baltimore, MD.
  • 2012 On Kilter, Goya Contemporary, Baltimore, MD Catalogue. Curator: Amy Eva Raehse
  • 1981 Something Got a Hold on Me, Washington Project for the Arts, Washington, DC
  • 2020 Visibilities: Intrepid Women of Artpace, Artpace, San Antonio, TX. Curator: Erin K. Murphy
  • 2012 Joyce J. Scott: A Solo Exhibition of Prints, Film and Performance, The Creative Alliance, Baltimore, MD
  • 2014 Can’t We All Just Get Along?, Goya Contemporary, Baltimore MD Catalogue. Curator: Amy Eva Raehse
  • 2000 Treacherous Tickles: Recent Sculpture & Prints, Main Gallery, University of Texas, El Paso, TX
  • 2007 Kickin’ It with Joyce J. Scott, Houston Center for Contemporary Art, Houston, TX. Curator: George Ciscle/ Exhibits USA
  • 2010 McColl Center for Visual Art, Charlotte, NC
  • 1995 Images Concealed, San Francisco Art Institute, San Francisco, CA catalogue
  • 2008 Joyce J. Scott: PAINFUL DEATH/PAINLESS LIFE, Goya Contemporary, Baltimore, MD Catalogue Curator: Amy Eva Raehse
  • 2005 This Hand Washes That Hand Too, Mesa Contemporary Arts at the Mesa Art Center, Mesa, AZ.
  • 2004 Joyce J. Scott, Walter Gropius Artist, Huntington Museum of Art, Huntington, WV
  • 1992 Joyce J. Scott, Brooklyn College of Art Gallery, Brooklyn, NY traveling, catalogue
  • 1994 Hard Choices, Laumeier Sculpture Park, St. Louis, MO catalogue
  • 2015 Joyce J. Scott: Truths and Visions, Museum of Contemporary Art, Cleveland, OHCatalogue. Curator: Patterson Sims
                                     

5. Chaguzi za heshima na tuzo

Chini ni tuzo chache zilizochaguliwa, heshima na ushirika ambao Scott amepokea hadi sasa katika kazi yake:

  • Fellow, American Craft Council, New York, NY 2001
  • Mid Atlantic Consortium Award 1990
  • Mid Atlantic Arts Foundation Award 1994
  • Pace Roberts Fellowship 1994
  • Fellowship, National Endowment of the Arts 1980
  • Smithsonian Visionary Artist 2019
  • Governors Arts Award at Artsalute: Maryland Citizens for the Arts Foundation, Walters Art Museum, Baltimore, MD 2002
  • Maryland State Arts Council Fellowship 1987, 1981
  • Gold Medalist, American Craft Council 2020
  • MacArthur Fellow, John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Chicago, IL 2016
  • Masters of the Medium, James Renwick Alliance, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 2006
  • National Living Treasure Award, Maryland Nominee 1996
  • National Printing Fellowship 1992
                                     

6. Makusanyo ya Makumbusho

  • Lovers, 2002. Museum of Arts and Design
  • Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport, Washington, DC
  • Sheppard & Enoch Pratt Foundation, Towson, MD
  • Brooklyn Museum of Art, Brooklyn, NY
  • None Are Free until All Are Free, 2006. Yale University, New Haven, CT
  • Philbrook Museum of Art, Tulsa, OK
  • Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, Maryland
  • Speed Museum, Louisville, KY
  • Water Mammy 1, 2012. Museum of Arts and Design
  • Renwick Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC
  • American Craft Museum, New York, NY
  • Charles A. Waustum Museum, Madison, WI
  • Three Graces Oblivious While Los Angeles Burns, 1992. The Corning Museum of Glass
  • Weatherspoon Art Gallery, Greensboro, NC
  • Voices, 1993. Museum of Arts and Design
  • Rhode Island School of Design Museum, Providence, RI
                                     

7. Soma zaidi

  • Scott, Joyce J. 1994. Fearless Beadwork: Improvisational Peyote Stitch: Handwriting & Drawings from Hell. Rochester, N.Y.: Visual Studies Workshop. ISBN 0-89822-100-2). OCLC 34341082.
  • Stankard, Paul J. "Burning Embers." Glass Quarterly, no. 136 Autumn 2014: 26-34.
  • Sims, Lowery S, Joyce Scott, Patterson Sims, and Seph Rodney. Joyce J. Scott: Harriet Tubman and Other Truths., 2018.
  • Scott, Joyce J. 2015. Joyce J. Scott: Truths and Visions, Sims, Patterson, Cleveland, Ohio: Museum of Contemporary Art Cleveland. ISBN 9780989955041. OCLC 910969847.
  • 2000 Joyce J. Scott: Kickin It with the Old Masters. Baltimore, MD: Baltimore Museum of Art: Maryland Institute, College of Art, 108 p. ISBN 0912298723.
                                     

8. Viungo vya nje

  • Joyce J. Scott: Painful Death / Painless Life, November 15, 2008 - January 23, 2009, Goya Contemporary - Goya Girl Press, Baltimore, MD
  • Art Alliance for Contemporary Glass, Joyce J. Scott, Artist of the Month July 2010 -
  • On Kilter: Joyce J. Scott, September 12 - November 10, 2012, Goya Contemporary - Goya Girl Press, Baltimore, MD
  • Joyce J. Scott: Harriet Tubman and Other Truths, Grounds for Sculpture video. October 27, 2017.
  • A woman artist speaks / Joyce J. Scott ; interviewed by Naomi Eftis and Elaine Heffernan, broadcast ca. July 27, 1977 on WPFW, Washington, D.C.
  • Oral history interview with Joyce J. Scott, 2009 July 22, from The Nanette L. Laitman Documentation Project for Craft and Decorative Arts in America, Archives of American Art.
  • Talking Shop: Craft + Defiance November 17, 2015 at Baltimore School for the Arts, The Contemporary, Baltimore, MD
  • Interview with Curtia James, from Sources: Multicultural Influences on Contemporary African American Sculptors, February 2 - April 11, 1994, The Art Gallery at the University of Maryland at College Park
  • Breathe: Joyce J. Scott, February 23 - April 20, 2007, Goya Contemporary - Goya Girl Press, Baltimore, MD
  • Joyce J. Scott Kickin It with the Old Masters exhibition, Prints, Drawings and Photographs Department Records finding aid, Archives and Manuscripts Collections, The Baltimore Museum of Art
  • Craft in America, Joyce J. Scott PBS Documentary
  • Joyce J. Scott: Images Concealed, February 9 - March 19, 1995, San Francisco Art Institute


                                     
  • Joyce J Scott & Elizabeth Talford Scott Baltimore, MD: Goya Contemporary Gallery. 2019. The Silver Needle: The Legacy of Elizabeth and Joyce Scott
  • 2014 - 10 - 24. Iliwekwa mnamo 2010 - 01 - 23. Christie, Jessica Joyce 2003 Conclusions in Jessica Joyce Christie: Maya Palaces and Elite Residences: An interdisciplinary
  • African Journal of Economics 60 4 246 255. Boyd - Buggs, Debra & Joyce Hope Scott 1999 Camel Tracks: Critical Perspectives on Sahelian Literatures
  • Brown alizaliwa 5 Mei 1989, katika mji mdogo wa Tappahannock, Virginia na Joyce Hawkins, aliyekuwa mkurugenzi wa kituo cha kuwachunga watoto, na Clinton
                                     
  • wa timu ya ziada: Ole Gunnar Solskjær Mkufunzi wa timu ya ziada: Warren Joyce Skauti mkuu: Jim Lawlor Skauti mkuu wa Ulaya: Martin Ferguson Mkurugenzi
  • 1987 I d Still Say Yes Klymaxx Klymaxx Braxtons, The The Braxtons Joyce Fenderella Irby Gregory Scelsa Klymaxx So Many Ways 1986 1996 I d

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